The Web Development Life Cycle (WDL) is a more specific variation of the general design pattern for any application development project. Unlike general application development, all web design and development projects follow a similar structure. So the web development life cycle/process can be used as a reference point for both the web development team. And the client to determine the status of a particular project and the scope of future work.
The web development lifecycle consists of eight identifiable phases, which are described below:
1. initial consultation.
The initial consultation focuses on understanding the overall business requirements, the scope of web development, the required schedule, and the overall feasibility, web design, and cost of the project.
2. project specification
The business requirements for the proposed website are defined iteratively between the client and the web design team and documented in the form of a High-Level Requirements Specification. The focus here is on the relevant business rules and deliverables. The implementation of the system, i.e. the actual fulfillment of the requirements, is postponed to a later date. Once agreed, this document forms the basis for the subsequent phases of the web development lifecycle.
3. architecture of the website
This will determine the software and hardware requirements for the web application, such as the most appropriate web development language, operating system, database management system (DBMS), and hardware/hosting environment best suited to support the final website in a reliable and stable manner, taking into account anticipated growth in data volume, traffic, web traffic, and functionality.
4. website design cycle
This phase focuses on the web design of the system, including mock-ups or prototypes of the screens that make up the system, combined with a walk-through of the system that allows the client, software developers, designers, and project management team to clearly understand how the site will function from the perspective of users and administrators. CRM design is also covered in detail here. This web application functionality is considered in the context of the defined deliverables and business rules and may result in an update or change to the high-level requirements specification. The key deliverable is then a low-level website design specification/document that accurately defines the required web design implementation and serves as a blueprint for the software developers for the project.
5. content creation
All required text and graphic content for the web application is developed or purchased by the client (or software company). Administrator functionality that allows the customer to change all content on the website once the system is up and running is considered part of and defined in the high-level requirements specification above.
6. website design
In this phase, a detailed project plan for the implementation of the web design is created. Resources are identified, timeframes are defined, and project dependencies are clearly understood. Particularly with regard to which parts of the web development can be executed sequentially or in parallel. This phase overlaps with the next phase of the web development lifecycle. As all developed modules are tested for functionality by the appropriate members of the web development team. Moreover, it is very important that all the code created by software developers is subjected to quality assurance. To ensure that the project’s development standards are met.
7. testing and quality assurance
This phase involves numerous tests, from the system and volume testing. To ensure that all components of the web application work together and can easily handle both initial and anticipated future system requirements. To user acceptance testing (UAT) and acceptance. This phase requires numerous tests beyond this launch, such as cross-browser and security testing. All of which contribute to delivering a high-quality website and services to the customer.
8. website deployment (launch)
Once the website implementation has been tested and approved as fully functional. By both the client and the software development company. The website is deployed in a production environment and opened to the appropriate group of users. Thereafter, a pre-agreed warranty period is usually established. And, at the client’s discretion, an ongoing support agreement may be put in place.
The process may vary, but in general, the dependencies and characteristics of a successful web application deployment process to the client are the same. I hope this was a useful introduction to the process of creating quality web applications for any business.
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